Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) in Colombia

General Information of the NAMA

General Information
Country Colombia
National implementing entity (NAMA owner) Territorial Development Financing (FINDETER)
Development stage Implementation
International partners NAMA Facility, Centre for Clean Air Policy (CCAP)
Total costs USD 20 million
Duration 2015-2019
Scope of the NAMA
Type of NAMA Supported (with unilateral elements)
Type of action Policy or program
Scope of action National
Type of approach Avoid, Shift
Transport mode Bus, Rail, Walking, Cycling

Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is an energy efficient, high quality-of-life urban form that combines walkable public spaces, mixed use buildings and public transit in compact neighbourhoods within a city matrix.

The goal of this NAMA is to trigger transformational change of the urban template of Colombian cities and continue providing long-term, low-carbon results for years to come by constructing long lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns. These new patterns will require less transport energy for households and businesses to achieve their daily tasks, because destinations and origins are brought closer together and non-motorised and transit modes are easier to use.

The NAMA will also generate co-benefits in the areas of quality-of-life, economic development, social equity, preservation of natural habitat, reduced risk, and energy independence. Individuals will enjoy better neighbourhoods, lower costs of transportation and less pollution. Businesses will see new markets and employees within easy access. Governments will see economic benefits from reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.

Mitigation potential

Mitigation impact
Expected mitigation impact in CO2eq 3.6 to 5.4 Mt per year by 2040

The TOD NAMA will reduce private vehicle GHG emissions by creating compact urban environments that provide alternatives to automobile travel. This allows people to reduce their total vehicle kilometres traveled (VKT) in private vehicles by substituting non-motorised trips, increasing their share of transit trips and driving shorter average trip lengths. Fewer VKT translates directly to lower GHGs.

GHG reductions were calculated based on studies of differences in levels of driving (VKT) between TOD and more conventional urban form at the neighbourhood, city and regional levels. By changing land use and travel patterns the NAMA will cut driving growth by 25%-36%, improve air quality and reduce annual GHG emission by 3.6 to 5.4 MMtCO2 by 2040. It will also have environmental benefits by reducing the urban footprint of future growth.


Total costs USD 20 million
Funder FINDETER, Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP)
Costs for preparation
Costs for implementation

For this NAMA, CCAP will partner with the National Development Bank (FINDETER) to deliver USD 20 million in technical and financial resources, to catalyse the construction of TOD neighbourhoods in five cities of Colombia.






  • Air quality


  • Improved health