Periodic vehicle inspection for emissions and roadworthiness (Uganda)

General Information of the NAMA

Country Uganda
National implementing entity (NAMA owner) Ministry of Works and Transport through Department of Transport Regulation, working with the Department of Energy Efficiency and Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development
Development stage Full concept under development
Total costs USD 3 million
Type of NAMA Supported (with unilateral elements)
Type of action Policy or program
Scope of action National
Type of approach Improve
Transport mode  Car, Motorcycle

The NAMA “Periodic Vehicle Inspection for Emissions and Roadworthiness” is implemented by the Ministry of Roads and Transport and has a total cost of US$ 3 million.

This NAMA calls for the design of a stricter policy regime for periodic vehicle inspections and roadworthiness. The expectation is that this will reduce the number of ageing and inefficient vehicle on the road, thereby lowering emissions and increasing safety.

This NAMA is one component of the larger NAMA, Fuel Efficiency in Motor Vehicles. While that NAMA aims at the development of policies and regulations to promote the use of more efficient vehicles, the NAMA for Periodic Vehicle Inspection for Emissions and Roadworthiness involves two types of inspection actions:

1. The Pre-Shipment Inspection (PVOC) done in collaboration with agencies of the exporting countries.

2. The periodic inspection and certification for roadworthiness done in the country.

Both inspection points will be based on indicators such as: vehicle age, engine type, fuel capacity, year of manufacture. The PVOC methodology can be utilised by different agencies, both public and private. An annual inspection requirement that certifies vehicles operating in the country is another strategy for this policy NAMA. As part of the suite of strategies, vehicle write-off at inspection is the targeted measure to put highly emitting vehicles off the road. The NAMA will also promote technologies that enable reduction of emissions as vehicles age.

Mitigation potential

expected mitigation impact (in CO2eq) 882.5MtCO2eq/yr

Estimated Annual Average: 882.5 MtCO2eq annually assuming 2012 base year estimated of Kampala city region and adjusted to national vehicle fleet. Global estimates of GHG reduction from improved vehicles are between 14-22%. The NAMA can aim at +10% given the current national vehicle fleet.


Total costs  USD 3 million
Costs for preparation USD 250,000

Uganda seeks a partner for a grant over USD 250,000 to finalise a full NAMA proposal. The costs of the project are estimated at USD 3 million.

The NAMA will initially require investment by government and other agencies involved in inspection but will gradually become self-financing since vehicle users will be charged.


The monitoring will be done by government agencies.


The indicators measured will include the emission factors of the vehicles, information on the fleet data, and the fuel use.



  • Improved local air quality – Improving vehicle efficiency is one of the most cost effective interventions to reduce transport-related emissions per kilometre (such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur oxide, carbon monoxide and particulate matter). It is important to measure these improvements, which reinforces the need for a monitoring system.
  • Recycling of steel from written-off cars.


  • Improved health – Reduction in number of cases of ill health from diseases related to fuel emission reductions.
  • Reduced number of accidents – The inspection and maintenance programme will lead to better maintained and safer vehicles, which implies improved road safety through reduction in vehicle accidents.


  • Household / Business fuel savings – The inspection and maintenance programme may lead to lower vehicle operating costs, but this may be offset by increased expenditure on maintenance and repair.
  • Employment creation – Inspection agencies and depending on the method used for certification such as stickers, vehicle write-off and recycling will offer jobs and possibly generate products that private sector can engage in.
  • Government Revenue – Proper costing of inspections and certification can ensure programme is self-sustaining or able to generate revenue for the government.