Low-carbon bus NAMA, Vietnam
General Information of the NAMA
|National implementing entity (NAMA owner)||Ministry of Environment and Transport|
|Development stage||The full concept was developed and the NAMA Support Project (NSP) outline was submitted to NAMA Facility in late October 2016|
|International Partners||UNDP, GIZ, KfW|
|Total costs||EUR 20 millions|
|Duration||Full NAMA 2017-2030; Phase I (NSP) 2017-2020|
|Scope of the NAMA|
|Type of NAMA||Supported|
|Type of action||Programme and policy|
|Scope of Action||National and local|
|Type of approach||I, S|
|Transport mode||bus, public transport|
|Expected mitigation impact||18.4 Mt tCO2 until 2030|
The NAMA is developed with the aim to contribute to the sustainable development of the transport sector and to Viet Nam’s GHG emission reduction goals by introduction of low-carbon buses (hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric buses), operational efficiency improvements and public transport system improvements. These actions will result in energy and emission savings per km driven and modal shift from private to public transport. Instruments are incremental costs financing for new technologies, technical assistance to cities and policy support for a national urban transport programme. Phase I (2017-2020) focuses on large scale demonstration with introduction of 250 low-carbon buses in 2-3 cities, with scaling up to all cities in Viet Nam until 2030.
The NSP will lead to direct emissions reductions in the magnitude of about 400,000 tCO2 until the year 2030. The full NAMA results in 18.4 MtCO2 savings until 2030 and 2.2 MtCO2 avoided per annum as of 2030, equivalent to 2.2% of BAU transport emissions of Viet Nam.
The implementation is realized through a Low Carbon Bus grant facility (denominated “LCB Fund”) which covers incremental (as compared to conventional diesel buses) and risk costs with a phased-out approach, i.e. the financial incentive is reduced over time. The financial approach is implemented sequentially according to technologies, i.e., hybrids, then plug-in hybrids and thereafter electric buses. The fund structure is based on successful experience of comparable funds in the UK and China.
Ms. Anna Schreyoegg – Chief Technical Advisor