Ethiopia’s national railway network and Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (LRT) NAMA

General Information of the NAMA

General Information
Country Ethiopia
National implementing entity (NAMA owner)

Ethiopian Railway Corporation (ERC)

Development stage
International partners
Total costs

Electric rail network: USD  $15.6 billion

Addis Ababa LRT: Phase I USD $475 million and Phase II: USD $761.53 million

Duration 2011-2020
Scope of the NAMA
Type of NAMA

Supported (with unilateral elements)

Type of action

Project: Investment in infrastructure

Project: Invesment in machinery

Policy or program

Scope of action National
Type of approach  Shift – Improve
Transport mode Rail sector

Ethiopia has the ambition to develop its economy to make it more resilient to the impacts of climate change and pursue low carbon development. The Government of Ethiopia has adopted the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP), which outlines the country’s strategy to reach middle‐income status before 2025. At the same time, the Government has issued the Climate­‐Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy in 2011, which lays down the country’s plan for a carbon neutral, green economy by 2025. Combining rapid economic growth while containing the environmental impact is a challenge that Ethiopia aims to realise through international partnerships, targeting both financial cooperation and capacity building.

The construction of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) system in Addis Ababa and a modal shift of freight transport from road to an electric rail network powered through renewable energy (electricity in Ethiopia is almost entirely renewable, generated by hydropower, geothermal and wind power) are listed as the most beneficial interventions. A modal shift from road to rail will be a key pillar to transform Ethiopia’s economy to a middle income country, as affordable integration to its neighbouring countries will be achieved.

Mitigation potential

Mitigation impact
Expected mitigation impact 9 MtCO2/yr

Avoidance of emission can be achieved through modal shift of freight and passenger transport from road to rail.


Total costs

Electric rail network: USD  $15.6 billion

Addis Ababa LRT: Phase I USD $475 million and Phase II: USD $761.53 million

Costs for preparation
Costs for implementation



The objective of the MRV plan is to define the following:

  1. Generic monitoring plan under the Ethiopia National Railway NAMA: to have track of each NAMA project’s latest MRV records. Each NAMA project’s MRV plan explained in detail in each project activity MRV plan document.
  2. Generic ex-ante approach for impact estimation: Ex-ante estimation of impacts under each NAMA project is carried out in order to have an estimate of the expected impacts due to the NAMA project’s implementation. The ex-ante estimation however is carried out with relevant assumptions before the NAMA project becomes operational.
  3. Generic ex-post approach for impact monitoring: Ex-post calculation of impacts under each NAMA project is carried out in order to have a precise indication of the impacts due to the NAMA project’s implementation during the operation of the project. The ex-post calculation is carried out with direct monitoring and measurement of relevant parameters during the project’s operation.




  • Lower air pollution (NOx)
  • Lower noise and vibration pollution


  • Social equity


  • Reduced import of fossil fuels
  • Decreases transport costs
  • Less congestion and traffic accidents
  • Rise in employment and tax revenues
  • A major macro-economic benefit is the enhanced integration of Ethiopia with its East African neighbours and access to sea ports