Ethiopian railways establishment of climate vulnerability infrastructure investment framework NAMA

General Information of the NAMA

General Information
Country Ethiopia
National implementing entity (NAMA owner)

Ethiopian Railway Corporation (ERC)

Development stage Full concept under development
International partners
Total costs USD 350,000
Duration 2015-2016
Scope of the NAMA
Type of NAMA

Supported (with unilateral elements)

Type of action Project
Scope of action National
Type of approach  Not known
Transport mode Rail sector

Infrastructure projects in Ethiopia and everywhere else in the world can be vulnerable to the changing weather patterns attributed to global climate change. Possible impacts include:

  • Deterioration and permanent damage to roads and railway lines by floods
  • Damage to drainage (culvert and bridge) infrastructure by floods
  • Rail surface melting because of high temperature
  • Erosion and landslides

ERC therefore seeks assistance to enhance its understanding of likely impacts of climate change on its envisioned infrastructure, which will enable ERC to integrate these impacts in crucial long-term investment decisions. More specifically, the program seeks to:

  • Determine the future climate change pattern
  • Identify detailed topographic and hydro-meteorological information along railway networks
  • Map the climate change vulnerability of the rail networks
  • Evaluate a range of impacts of climate change on railway infrastructures over a range of climate scenarios
  • Develop and test a framework for investment decision-making that can be ‘robust’ under a wide range of climate outcomes
  • Formulate actionable recommendations for decision makers on how to enhance the climate resilience of infrastructure development

Mitigation potential

Mitigation impact
Expected mitigation impact

The implementation of the infrastructure climate change vulnerability mapping will assure durability of the emission reductions attributed to the implementation of Ethiopia’s National Railway Network and the Addis Ababa Light Railway Transit (LRT) project.


Total costs USD 350,000
Costs for preparation
Costs for implementation

The total costs of implementation will include the engagement of an experienced consulting firm to assess the climate vulnerability of ERC implementation plan as well as to create a tool to include climate vulnerability impacts into investment decisions. Individual and institutional capacity building measures are also included into this NAMA.




  • Number of people trained
  • Number and type of investment decisions that have been affected by the vulnerability assessment



  • Lower air (NOx), noise and vibration pollution


  • Number of people trained
  • Increase in employment, social equity and tax revenues


  • Decrease in transport costs
  • Improvement in the trade balance through reduced import of fossil fuels
  • Reduced road maintenance.
  • Additional macro-­economic benefits are the enhanced integration of Ethiopia with its East African neighbours as well as enhanced access to sea ports.
  • Lower congestion due to the shift from road to rail
  • Less traffic accidents