Comprehensive mobility plan for Belo Horizonte (Brazil)
|National implementing entity (NAMA owner)||Local Transport Planning, Urban
Planning and Finance Agency
|Development stage||Development of initial concept|
|Total costs||USD 4.2 billion|
|Scope of the NAMA|
|Type of NAMA||Supported (with unilateral elements)|
|Type of action||Strategy or plan|
|Scope of action||Sub-national|
|Type of approach||Avoid-Shift-Improve|
|Transport mode||Bus, Rail, Car, Motorcycle, Other motorised transport, Walking, Cycling, Other non-motorised transport|
The city of Belo Horizonte has developed a Comprehensive Mobility Plan called planmobBH.
The NAMA seeks to increase the modal share of non-motorised and public transport in Belo Horizonte in order to reduce GHG emissions – approximately 30% compared to the BAU scenario -, improve the quality of the transport network, and to realise other environmental benefits.
The proposed NAMA includes enhancement of public transport, metropolitan fare integration, construction of infrastructure for and promotion of non-motorised transportation, and combined land use and parking policies.
Located in the southeastern region of Brazil, Belo Horizonte is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais. Its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the country, with almost 5.4 million people. The expansion of the results from Belo Horizonte to 40 Brazilian cities larger than 500,000 inhabitants could have a transformational impact on urban transport across the country. The potential savings vary from 1 to 10 MtCO2eq per year.
|Expected mitigation impact||9MtCO2eq cumulative GHG emission savings over the period 2008-2030|
The net cumulative GHG emission savings over the 22-year period 2008-2030 are estimated at 9 MtCO2-eq. These estimations incorporate demand projections using a detailed transport planning model, assumptions on the fleet composition and types of fuels, and emission factors from an approved CDM methodology, including upstream fuel production and transport. GHG emissions from construction activities and vehicle manufacturing are added.
|Total costs||USD 4.2 billion|
|Costs for preparation|
|Costs for implementation|
The NAMA has been estimated to cost USD 4.2 billion, from which USD 1.6 billion correspond to ongoing activities and are already committed by the city.
Compared to the baseline, the estimated additional investment for Belo Horizonte’s urban mobility plan is USD 2.7 billion. Based on the expected emission reductions and carbon price, the total expected income for a supported NAMA is USD 36 million (1.4% of the marginal cost of the plan).
Funding for the NAMA could come from several sources, including local, state and federal budgets; credit from commercial and export banks; and loans from multilateral development organisations. Further development of the funding conditions is required, as well are agreements and approvals from the designated agencies in Brazil.
A city-wide survey is proposed to monitor the activity data. To assure adequate representation, a categorised random survey with a 5% error and a 95% confidence interval is suggested, with a total sample size of 5,400 surveys.
At the city level, reporting could be assigned to a joint committee of transport and environment agencies, which would generate annual reports. City reports would be collected and reviewed by the national authority in charge of submitting, monitoring and reporting NAMAs to the UNFCCC.
- GHG emission
- Number of trips performed in each mode
- Modal share
- Reductions in PM: By year 2020: 40%. By year 2030: 39%.
- Reductions in travel time: By year 2020: 23%. By year 2030: 50%.
- Reductions in transport costs: By year 2020: 40%. By year 2030: 19%.